The children have been exploring the alternative /j phoneme in words. They have looked at the spelling rules of:
/g makes a /j sound when followed by an e, i or y - giant, energy, gel, gem.
/ge make a /j sound following a long vowel sound - age, cage, page, rage.
/dge makes a /j sound following a short vowel sound - ledge, bridge, badge, edge.
This week the children have been learning the spelling rule of adding the suffix -ing to words that have a short vowel sound as the penultimate sound.
The spelling rule is: double the last consonant and add -ing.
spin --------> spinning
begin --------> beginning
nod --------> nodding
chat --------> chatting
stop -------> stopping
The other rule the children learnt to do with adding the suffix -ing was that if a verb ends in the spelling /ie you change the ie to a y and add ing.
lie ------> lying
tie ------> tying
die ------> dying
Next week the children will learn how to add -ing to words ending in 'e', so watch this space!
This week the children have been learning the /igh sound at the end of words. They children are starting to distinguish between if it is a /y spelling or and /ie spelling.
try, by, cry, fly, sly, why, and dry.
This week the children have been learning words that are spelt with the silent k and g.
knight, knee, know, knew, gnaw, gnat and gnome.
We started to look at homophones this week, so children could see the difference between knight and night in context.
This week the children have been learning how to change adjectives into adverbs by adding the -ly suffix.
slowly, quickly, nearly, sadly, badly, beautifully.
There are two spelling rules the children need to remember.
1) If the word has a short vowel, double the last consonant and add y.
runny, funny, boggy, foggy, muddy, nutty, smoggy, and sunny.
2) If the word ends in the letter e, drop the e and add the y.
shiny, juicy, noisy, spicy, icy, greasy, bony and lazy.
The s sound is spelt with a c if it is before e i and y.
city, cycle, exercise, fancy, race, ice, cell.
Common words spelt using this rule are:
all, ball, call, fall, walk, talk, stalk, always.